Guide to Children's Rights
Bases on which the Convention rests
The Convention rests on four fundamental principles, without
whose satisfaction can not be achieved any other rights:
to live, survival and development
that the state must provide to each child,
in maximum possible extent
all children has the same rights,
regardless of: race, colour, gender, language, religion,
political or other opinion, nationally, ethnic or social
origin, property, disablement,
birth or other status of the child, his parent or legal
child's best interest
- in all proceedings affecting
the child, his / her best interest will have priority
respect of the child
- the child's right to express their opinions in all matters
and procedures relating to it and that his opinion is taken
What rights are enshrined in the Convention?
The Convention contains
all kinds of human rights
that are mutually intertwined. There are no more or less important rights,
because they all together form a whole.
For your convenience, rights under the Convention about the
Rights of the Child will be grouped accordingly:
- The Convention emphasizes
the rights and responsibilities of parents, in other words
extended family, to direct and advise the child about his or
her rights, according to the evolving opportunities
HOW CAN USE THE CONVENTION?
The Convention is the work of
professionals and experts and is intended, primarily,
professionals: teachers, educators, health and social
workers, lawyers, judges and members of those professions
who work professionally or come into contact with children.
It is designed for parents. But its essence has to know in
the full extent the children themselves. Knowing and
understanding in a timely manner all the rights that belong
to them by the inherent and which are guaranteed by the
Convention, children will mature into a responsible persons,
they will know to respect the rights of othersand to fight
for a more consistent implementation of their.
On deprivation, inadequate
exercise or violation of any rights under the Convention may
indicate any. Whenever the children's rights are not
respected should react as an individual, groups or
institutions and draw attention to the authorities:
ministries, institutions, services, local authorities,
or contact the organizations for the rights of children to
assistance and mediation. Convention, in that sense, serves
as a roadmap of what and how to do.
MISCONCEPTIONS ABOUT RIGHTS OF THE CHILD
Some rights are more
important than others
FALSE. There are no more or
less important rights, there is no hierarchy. In particular
situation every right can become the major for a particular
child or his close surroundings.
The Convention does not
oblige, because it's not law
FALSE. Although originally
adopted by the UN General Assembly, Convention becomes
obligatory when the state, ie. its parliament adopted. In
our country, according to the RS Constitution, the
Convention is a law like any other. Freely said, the
Convention is the Children's Constitution.
Children have the right to
do whatever they want
NO. Children's rights do not
mean the absolute freedom to act.
The essence of children's rights is to be provided life and
development in safety, healthy environment to be able to
realize their full potential and contribute to society as
children and as adults.
Small children can not make
FALSE. No child is so small
that can not express their need, the desire or opinion. The
question is how it communicate and how adults react to it.
Small babies do movements, facial and cry, the older
children give the word. Respect as the needs or desires,
adults give their child the opportunity in their own way to
affect the decision.
Children are not mature
enough to participate in important decisions
FALSE. If a decision is
important for children we will know when we ask. In life of
every child and to all ages there are things that directly
affect it and what are their important. There are many
themes and content in the family, school or institution in
which the child can and should be heard, and his opinions
More rights for children -
less for adults
FALSE. The meaning of
children's rights is not a substitute authority or anarchy,
but the creation of preconditions for the realization of
human rights of every person regardless of age.
We give children rights, and
what about their responsibility?
FALSE. FIRST, we do not give
children rights, but it belongs to them at birth. SECOND,
learning that they have rights, children also learn that the
same rights belonging to others.
Pleading for respect for their rights, children develop a
sense of responsibility and respect for the rights of other
individuals and groups. Also, participating in
decision-making, children can more easily assume the
responsibility for their implementation.
The largest commitments in
achieving the Convention about the rights belong to parents
FALSE. Greatest responsibility
and commitment to the rights of children as consistently and
comprehensively achieve is on the state. The state has
signed and ratified the Convention and with its bodies and
the competent services stands as a guarantor that these
rights and enjoy are fully applied in practice. However,
under the Convention itself the role of parents is of utmost
importance and state must respect the rights and
responsibilities of parents to direct and advise the child
about his / her rights, according to the developmental
opportunities of the child.
WHAT DO WE DO?
Accept the concept of
children's rights as a daily practice;
Work on its popularization: the family, school, health,
social and other services and everywhere where there are
children with their needs;
As an individual you may contribute to the fuller
realization of child rights in our country.
MANY ACTIVITIES TO EXERCISING THE
RIGHTS OF THE CHILD IN OUR COUNTRY ARE STILL AHEAD OF US..
IT WILL BE A CONTINUING PROCESS BECAUSE OF THE ARRIVAL OF A
NEW AND A NEW GENERATION OF CHILDREN WHICH HAVE TO BE KNOWN
WITH THEIR RIGHTS AND RESPONSIBILITIES, LIKE AS
RESPONSIBILITIES OF ADULTS TO THEM..
KNOW YOUR RIGHTS!